The present tense in English in a nutshell

Learn the present tense in English with the help of Sprachcaffe. There are four distinct forms of the present tense. Simple Present and Present Perfect are the two basic English present tenses, and Present Progressive and Present Perfect Progressive are the two progressive present tenses.

On the corresponding topic pages, we demonstrate how to use the four English present tenses and when to use them.

Comparison of the present tense in English

We advise you to contrast the basic forms and progressive forms of the present tense in order to better understand the distinctions in the English present tense. The four English present tenses are the sole subject of our topic pages.

You can learn more about the Simple Present, Present Progressive, Present Perfect, and Present Perfect Progressive there, where you'll also find plenty of useful examples and in-depth explanations to help you master the English present.

Comparison - basic forms of the English present tenses

Simple Present tense

Present Perfect tense

Regular actions

Completed action without exact time

General statements

Completed action with effects on the present

Permanent states

Action from past to present

Present states

Recently completed action

Description of properties

Action that has taken place several times

Scientific facts


Comparison of English present progressive forms

The present perfect progressive tense describes an action that started in the past and continues into the present, whereas the present progressive describes an action that is currently ongoing. This is a key distinction between the two progressive forms of the English present tense.

Your ability to use these two tenses successfully will improve if you can distinguish clearly between them. Check out the comparison of the present progressive tenses in English below.

Present Progressive tense

Present Perfect Progressive tense

Action takes place at this moment

Action began in the past and continues until now

The four present tenses used in English

Learn English tenses

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