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Understanding the formation, usage and the signal words of Present perfect progressive tense
Join us as we explore the Present Perfect Progressive tense! Long-lasting actions or states are expressed using the perfect progressive tense. With the aid of some pointers and example sentences, you can learn how to use the Present Perfect Progressive tense in English.
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The formation of the Present Perfect Progressive tense
The auxiliary verb to have in the Present Perfect (have/has been) is required to create the Present Perfect Progressive tense. The verb in the sentence must also be in the -ing form. Check out how the Present Perfect Progressive tense is formed using the formula below:
Subject + have/has been + verb in -ing form = Present Perfect Progressive tense.
Forming the Present Perfect Progressive tense is not as challenging as you might have thought, as you can see from the formula. You will find a few examples of sentences in the Present Perfect Progressive tense below to help you better understand this tense.
Example sentences in Present Perfect Progressive tense
Have/has been studying
I have been studying for three hours.
Have/has been working
She has been working on the project all day.
Have/has been running
He has been running for an hour.
Have/has been reading
They have been reading the same book for weeks.
Have/has been sleeping
She has been sleeping for ten hours.
Have/has been eating
He has been eating his breakfast for half an hour.
Have/has been playing
They have been playing soccer for two hours.
Have/has been writing
She has been writing her essay for hours.
Have/has been watching
He has been watching TV since this morning.
Have/has been talking
They have been talking on the phone for an hour.
The use of the Present Perfect Progressive tense
Generally, actions or states that started in the past, continued into the present, and possibly continued into the future are described using the Present Perfect Progressive tense. Most frequently, the Present Perfect Progressive tense is used to emphasize how long an action or state has lasted.
- Action began in the past and continues into the present.
- action began in the past and continues into the future
- To emphasize that a state or action has been occurring frequently lately
- Action started in the past and continues in the present
For a better understanding of usage and formation, look at even more examples of sentences with corresponding signal words in the Present Perfect Progressive tense in our list below.
Signal words in the Present Perfect Progressive tense with example sentences
I have been studying a lot lately.
She has been traveling a lot recently.
We have been having a great time so far.
They have been living in London for two years.
He has been playing guitar since he was 10 years old.
I have been working all day on this project.
They have been preparing for the exam all week.
She has been saving money all month for her vacation.
We have been planning this trip all year long.
How long have you been waiting for the bus?
Up to now
He has been successful in all of his projects up to now.
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